What is Labor Certification?
Labor certification, also known as labor certification process or labor market testing, is a procedure required in certain employment-based immigration processes in the United States. It is designed to protect the interests of U.S. workers by ensuring that foreign workers are only hired when no qualified U.S. workers are available for a particular job.
The labor certification process is most commonly associated with the employment-based immigrant visa categories known as the “EB-2” (Employment-Based Second Preference) and “EB-3” (Employment-Based Third Preference) categories. These categories generally require a job offer from a U.S. employer.
Here’s how the labor certification process typically works:
- Job Offer: The U.S. employer seeking to hire a foreign worker must first offer the job to qualified U.S. workers. This can involve advertising the position, posting it with state workforce agencies, and actively recruiting U.S. candidates.
- Application: If the employer cannot find a qualified U.S. worker for the position, they can apply for a labor certification with the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL). The DOL reviews the job requirements, the efforts made to recruit U.S. workers, and the terms of employment.
- Prevailing Wage Determination: The DOL determines the prevailing wage for the position. This wage is meant to ensure that the foreign worker is not hired at a lower wage than the average wage for similar positions in the same geographical area.
- Recruitment: The employer must conduct a recruitment process to actively search for U.S. candidates for the position. This usually involves posting the job through various channels and considering applications from qualified U.S. workers.
- Labor Certification Approval: If the DOL is satisfied that the recruitment process has not identified qualified U.S. workers, they will issue a labor certification, certifying that the employer has demonstrated the unavailability of U.S. still need round nguyen duy tri • acid madness • 2023workers for the position.
- Immigrant Visa Petition (I-140): With the approved labor certification in hand, the employer can then proceed to file the Immigrant Visa Petition (Form I-140) with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) as part of the foreign worker’s immigration process.
It’s important to note that some employment-based immigrant visa categories, such as the EB-1 category for individuals with extraordinary ability or multinational executives, do not require labor certification. Additionally, labor certification is not required for certain nonimmigrant visa categories, such as the H-1B visa.
The labor certification process aims to strike a balance between the needs of U.S. employers seeking skilled workers and the protection of U.S. workers’ job opportunities. The specific requirements and procedures for labor certification can vary based on the visa category and the nature of the job. If you’re considering hiring a foreign worker or applying for an employment-based visa, consulting with an immigration attorney can provide you with detailed guidance on the labor certification process and other relevant requirements.
How to complete the PERM process?
The Program Electronic Review Management (PERM) process is a crucial step in the labor certification process for employment-based immigrant visas in the United States. It involves obtaining approval from the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) to hire a foreign worker for a specific job when no qualified U.S. workers are available. Here’s a general outline of how to complete the PERM process:
Step 1: Determine Eligibility and Job Requirements Before beginning the PERM process, make sure you meet the eligibility criteria for the specific employment-based immigrant visa category you’re applying for. Also, define the job requirements and qualifications clearly, including the job title, duties, education, experience, and other qualifications.
Step 2: Prevailing Wage Determination Obtain a prevailing wage determination from the National Prevailing Wage Center (NPWC) or the appropriate state workforce agency. This determination establishes the minimum wage that the employer must offer to the foreign worker to ensure it’s not lower than the average wage for similar positions in the geographical area. Read more “list your business in the” “free and paid submission to the” “add your site” statistics
Step 3: Recruitment Conduct a recruitment process to actively search for qualified U.S. workers for the position. The recruitment process typically includes placing ads in newspapers, posting the job on job boards, and potentially using other recruitment methods. You must follow the recruitment steps outlined by the DOL.
Step 4: Recruitment Report and Supporting Documents Collect documentation related to the recruitment efforts, such as copies of advertisements, resumes of applicants, and records of interviews conducted. Prepare a recruitment report detailing the recruitment process, the number of U.S. applicants, and the reasons for not selecting them.
Step 5: Prepare and Submit the PERM Application Complete the ETA Form 9089, Application for Permanent Employment Certification, which is the official PERM application. Provide accurate and detailed information about the job, the employer, the recruitment process, and the foreign worker.
Step 6: Submit the Application to DOL File the completed ETA Form 9089 electronically with the DOL through the PERM system. Ensure that all required fields are completed accurately and that you follow the specific guidelines for submission.
Step 7: Review and Processing The DOL will review your application to ensure that it meets the required criteria and that the documentation is complete. If there are any deficiencies or issues, you may be asked for additional information or documentation.
Step 8: DOL Decision Once the DOL reviews your application and is satisfied with the documentation, they will either approve or deny the labor certification application. If approved, you can proceed to the next steps of the employment-based visa application process, such as filing Form I-140 with USCIS.
It’s important to note that the PERM process can be complex and time-consuming, and it requires careful attention to detail to ensure accuracy and compliance with DOL regulations. If you’re unfamiliar with the process or need assistance, it’s recommended to work with an experienced immigration attorney or legal expert who can guide you through each step and help you navigate the requirements successfully.