Milk provides many nutritional benefits, including protein, calcium, and a variety of vitamins. These nutrients are essential for bone health, but there are also a number of foods that are low in these nutrients. Full-fat milk should be avoided by people at risk of cardiovascular disease, and full-fat, flavored milks contain high sugar, artificial sweeteners, binders, and coloring.
Although milk is high in calcium, vitamin D, and protein, it is not a drink for everyone. Lactose, found in milk, can lead to blood sugar crashes in some people. However, milk contains a significant amount of potassium and magnesium. Those with lactose intolerance should avoid drinking large amounts of milk before bedtime. It may also cause symptoms of glucose intolerance.
While milk is rich in calcium and protein, it can also cause digestive problems and may cause diarrhea. It should also be avoided by those with an allergy to dairy products. While most of us will have some milk in our diet at one time, many people have a lactose intolerance and may only be able to consume small amounts of milk and dairy products. Some people with an allergy should avoid dairy altogether, as it can lead to anaphylaxis.
While reduced-fat milk may be more appealing than whole milk, it does contain saturated fat and is associated with higher bad cholesterol. It does, however, provide the same amount of protein and vitamin D as whole milk. It also has branched-chain amino acids that help build muscle. And for those who are interested in losing weight, skim milk might be a great choice. Skim milk is also a good source of protein.